welcome from chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk living near bethesda's national institutes of corona-scared society-old homepage here: who do you learn from most? - in my case 4 generations of my macrae family tree who have lived or worked in most nations of the world .. work example: at worlds biggest ad agency i met a lot of powerful leaders but never have i been more privileged than 10 hours with fazle abed over 10 years of visits to bangladesh
Stories of how 3 asian teenagers - gandhi, abed, ma -changed the world by translating the language of english empire into a dynamic that lived up to einstein's humanisation of science as well as scottish hopes for machines and man started up 1760 glasgow U by first engineer watt and first economics mapmaker smith
livesmatter human development seven 5-point wonders - thanks to legacy of fazle abed
VESTY
5e's
SHELF
leap 5g's
UNITS
5factor17sdgs
5 ER WWW trading maps


...
BRACscholars- How did world poorest women (Bangladesh) build the world's number 1 sustainability goals economy? ..resilient community building plus
rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk contribute end poverty case for finance health education or other
national financial servicesultra poor grant :: village microfinance plus : : remittances : city bank :; merchant banking for poor ::
village health services village para-health- 10 most basic infant/maternal disease - wash program -- last mile specific solution eg TB
food security agricultural markets rice science other veggies science poultry dairy
digital banking model for up to billion unbanked bkash
childrens education networks aka girl empowered triple win edutech-healthtech-fintech

largest non gov provider of primary and pre-primary schools - teen-mentoring clubs -secondary scholarships

BRAC U
other national markets ..
international financial services remittances to bangladesh ---- partner funding for bangladesh and 13 countries - global club of "good" banks
other sdg priority coalitions of each of last 10 schol yeras to 2030combating genocide and forced replacement
livesmatter.city tour 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
help needed to map tours to universal vaccine coalition and other shared maps of sdg races and livesmatter.city
check out curriculum of entrepreneurial humanity started the economist xmas 1976

curriculum of entrepreneurship for humanity started in the economist 25 dc 1976


,,Learning, and social-economic action networking, around BRAC=the world's largest NGO partnership economy is a unique pursuit.
No alt text provided for this image..,

Saturday, August 8, 2020

life in an hour of fazle abed part 1 of 5

00:15 I am Suzanne Kell, executive vice president and chief operating officer of the Asia Foundation and on behalf of the world of Affairs Council I welcome all of you it's now my pleasure to welcome and introduce ourdistinguished guest Sir Fazle Hassan Abed is the founder and chairperson of BRAC 00:37 Sir Fazle was born in Bangladesh and was educated at Dhaka and Glasgow universities he worked as a shell oil executive before founding brac in 1972 what began as a limited relief operation called the Bangladesh rural advancement committee 00:54 brac has turned into the largest development organization in the world and the largest ngo coalition- as of 2012 the work of brac reaches an estimated 126 million people in 11 countries throughout Asia Africa and the Caribbean 01:07 sir Fazle has received numerous awards we'd be here all night if I were to begin to read them but he's had many many great honors for his outstanding and really unprecedented achievements with brac these include the David Rockefeller bridging Leadership Award the inaugural Clinton global citizen initiative the Gates award for global health and my personal favorite which is the Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership he's currently the age of Foundation's Cheng Lin Tian distinguished visiting fellow the Cheng Lin Tian visiting distinguished visiting fellow program honors dr. Tian who was chair of the Asia Foundation Board and was the Chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley so here tonight to speak about lessons for poverty alleviation in the developing world let me introduce you ladies and gentlemen to Sir Fazle Hasan Abed welcome

02:10 thank you very much ladies and gentlemen good evening I thank the Asha foundation for inviting me to be here today and for you to invite me to speak tonight I thought of talking about Bangladesh's struggle with poverty alleviation over the last 40 years when I started brac in 1972 02:40 Bangladesh was was the second poorest country in the world the poorest country was at that time was Upper Volta now called Burkina Faso so we were the bottom of them of the league the poorest country it became independent after war of liberation for about about a year with Pakistan the country was in ruins in the early 1972 when I started practice coming back from India at the time so the initial task was relief and rehabilitation the first one year we are just trying to get people the relief to survive and then the once the relief phase was over one felt that the country was so poor the people were so poor one couldn't really leave them to their own devices one had to commit oneself to long term development 03:49 situation Bangladesh was in at the time:we had seventy-eight percent of our population below the poverty line and the poverty line was also very low in the sense that it was defined as adult finding 21 calories of food literacy rate was less than 25% then mortality rate of children the infant mortality was one hundred and fifty two per thousand; the child ?(under 5) mortality was two hundred and sixty eight per thousand per capita income was less than $70 so that was the situation 04:44 in Bangladesh we didn't produce enough food to feed our people we needed to import about three million tons of rice and our port system didn't have the ability to you to handle all this food... we needed to help Bangladeshis to feed themselves due to our infrastructure problem: schools were destroyed the bridges were destroyed and the country was in ruins. the government was poor and didn't resources -kissinger apparently jokingly said bangladesh was a basket case but I hope it's not our basket case

05:26 so that was the situation so...Bangladesh is last forty years has done remarkably well..Goldman Sachs recently said that Bangla is the next country after the BRICS 05:47 so Bangladesh has made progress and it's growing very fast it's about six percent annually right now and for the last ten years it has been growing more than five percent annually in last six 06:08 obviously if we keep up the growth in this present rate then we will be doing quite well and Goldman Sachs prediction might come true but then what do we did 06:19 so what did we do?that'ss the question that I'm going to try and answer and draw some lessons for other countries which are still poor and are confronting similar kind of problems have we faced5 now if you look at agriculture 06:40 Bangladesh we used to produce 15 million tons of rice paddy rice paddy in nine million hectares of land but over the last 30 years we have lost a million hectares of land in through other things eg infrastructure housing because our population has grown from 70 million we in had 1972 when we started to now 154 million so it's more than doubled but then food production has more than trebled so now producing 50 million tons of food rice production has grown up by more than the population growth rate so we are now --food self-sufficient

 so what did we do and why did Africa not do the same thing 07:30 and that's the question that I've been asking to myself the Green Revolution happened in Asia India of Bangladesh Vietnam China everybody took advantage of Green Revolution and idea many of you know who which which institutions were responsible for Green Revolution it was it was all kinds of institutions which were built by Rockefeller/ford Foundation and so on to own Agricultural Research which provided-this spearheaded the Green Revolution in Asia but in Africa it didn't have so when we when thirty years later I copy go to Africa brac goes to Africa it finds that there's no extension service going on there's no high-quality seats going on,there's no irrigation possibilities the government is not investing enough in infrastructure and so on so Africa is completely missed the Green Revolution 08:31 and then of course when I was on the board of IRRI International Rice Research Institute and I happen to be the chairman of the finance in our finance and Audit Committee and elevated five billion dollars to Erie to go to Africa 08:48 just before Agra which was started by Gates Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation on to produce enough research for crop in Africa was created about six years ago six years ago so there's so much so that's one lesson about food production and agriculture where Africa needs to learn from 09:22 extension work in high quality seeds,multiple seed multiplication exchange a extension of good practices that farmers need to learn and proper dosage a fertilizer usage of biomass for so all kinds of things that needs to be done 09:41 one had to learn those and and we are trying to as I'm now working more in more countries in Africa now we are working to implement some of the things that we have learned in our own work in Bangladesh

 turning to child survival we had at in 1972 as I said that mortality rate was high very high so we what we did we looked at what kills children infant mortality rate and child mortality rate more than half the children fifty-three percent of the children died from diarrhea and we has ...we all knew that you don't have to a child doesn't have to die 10:34 from the idea oral dehydration all you have to do is to rehydrate the body with saline water it's called oral rehydration solution and then the child doesn't doesn't have to die nobody needs to die from diarrhea Tidy is a self-limiting disease so we decided in 1979 it was the International Year of the child 10:54 looked at the statistics in Bangladesh too many deaths from children and I thought if there's so many deaths mothers are not going to limit family size because they need to have some children surviving in their old age so so there are two things that I wanted to do I wanted to cut down infant mortality for its own sake and secondly to get mothers to limit size of the of the family so we started a program in 1979 to try and go to every household in rural Bangladesh and teach mothers how to make oral rehydration fluid at home so there are 18 million family -households do we have to go and visit so the first 30 dozen household was done and so the program ran for 10 years and we went to every households we paid our workers on the basis of retention of knowledge by the mothers and whether they could make the ordered rehydration for it correctly and we had to test the efficacy of the of the solution the mothers made in the house because we didn't want to make the endanger children if the solution was not right-if there was too much salt it would be dangerous for children so that kind of the so the program went very well and mothers learnt initially of course we had some problem but we solved them ultimately and we had we conducted the program throughout the country last four years of the program Jim grant was then head of UNICEF and then he said to me that can I get can I do something for you ' i said if you can you come and talk to our president to try and get every child immunized he said of course I'll come so he came to my college though we were all he persuaded the president that we should immwhile unize all children 13:00so we did that so so the government and brac isa non-governmental entity but we took half the country -even as all children and the government took the other half and in four years it went the immunization coverage went up 13:15 from 2% to to 76% so that was and then our president was invited to the conference UN conference on children because this that's what he wanted to come true so so Jim planned apparently said that he won't be invited unless you reach 70 percent coverage since there was the incentive anyway so so the child survival we we won that and of course dramatically declined mortality of more than two hundred and sixty four per thousand or under 14:10 of programs we did we try to make programs efficient of course programs were made effective and efficient and of course they're scaled out throughout the nation and that was needed to have an impact on child survival and reducing infant mortality and then of course maternal mortality another problem we are working on it now
============================
invitations from economistfuture.com - a media project of family foundation norman macrae, cbe, japan order of rising sun
31 years ago our book world class brands, influenced by multiple editors at The Economist, asked whether media can be designed to multiply love and win-wins not hate -to join professional association beieving this in integral to sdgs please contact chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

21 years ago our triole special issue of journal of marketing managent catalogued major brand leadership errors of the 20th centuty, and invited auditing professions to model 80% of a company or networks vale aroung goodwill/dbadwill expoenentials- an opposite maths to 90 days --- we reviewed the journal with harvard's marketing faculty whose head i hsd helped collect big database across 100 countries since 1980-: you may be right but no research funds in usa wpould ever be available for modeling 7 year impacts instead of 90 day extraction- we open sourced our value multiplication to track the lasst 3 yesars of total devaluaqtion of andersen accounting -value multiplication is as simple as if you zero trust with society how ever many trillins your business relationships are woth trillions times 0 does not equal trillion plus nought
to join our professional association of intangibles crisis union - please rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk traction 
13 years ago my father norman macrae's cancer turned terminal- he wanted to understand one last economic miracle- how were the worlds poorest viullage women in banglaseh empowered over 5 0 years to build world leading health and education services for girls and livelihoods even while remaining system trapped on infgrastructure - bangladesh got the short straw geographicaly and timewise in being last top 10 population nation to gain independence from what london's bad capitalism had spun- 15 visits later i had collected 50 years of the bottom u jigsaw pieces which fazle abed passed on to brac university and the 30 college coalition of soros, ban ki moo0n, botstein and all who love seeing stidents find their place in the world - if you contact me with which part of the world's bottom up joigsaw you want to develop i will try and guide you to who to chat to first in the above legacy networks 
meanwhile if you are interested in changing the value distributed by every sports model so youth's real heroines get more shatre - see www.economistsports.net or www.economistarts.com 

Wednesday, August 5, 2020

life in an hour of fazle abed - part 2 of 5

at least 4 times sir fazle abed integrated another finanial service solution in his quest to change value chains in village, 200000 villages, nationally, globally, virtually

here is his description of an addition from 1999 which won the noble economics prize for academic revision of past theories in 2019 cf mit poverty lab



scale is about ambition if you are
00:20
ambitious then then I suppose in order
00:25
to meet your ambition you would go for  scale




00:29
scale because you can do good
00:32
work in small community and be satisfied
00:37
with it but I was more ambitious I
00:40
wanted to change Bangladesh
 scale can
00:43
also be done by small activities and
00:46
then having multiple actors 
00:51
replicating it throughout the country
00:53
that can also be done but then you have
00:56
to find other people following you and
00:58
replicating your work as well and then
01:01
in the world ....
 so that is one kind of
01:05
scale that has happened in Bangladesh through a series of leaps
xxxxx

01:08
for example in microfinance when we
01:13
started microfinance in 1980 microfinance is not
01:16
very well known and then in 1983
01:19
came Grameen Bank another organization
01:22
similar to us and they focused their
01:25
attention on just financial services and
01:27
nothing else  at a nationwide level until 1996 and yunus the founder of
01:31
grameen Bank did a lot
01:35
of global advocacy to try to
01:39
take back finance all over the world
01:41
so as a result what is happening is that
01:43
microfinance models have tested
01:46
almost every country's commitment to lives matter  ...financial
01:48
services for the poor as one of the ways
01:51
of alleviating poverty so that was done
01:55
not by one single organization making it
01:59
really large program but multiple
02:02
organizations in many countries expanding
02:05
microfinance and having an impact on
02:08
poverty
02:13
we need to break the cycle of poverty
02:16
somewhere breaking the cycle of poverty
02:20
means that you commit to the next
02:22
generation of children if they get
02:25
better education better health... i
02:27
then they'll come out of poverty so we
02:31
are looking at providing quality
02:33
education to children we are looking at
02:38
providing better nutrition or nutrition
02:42
education to mothers so that their
02:44
children get better nutrition so the
02:47
next generation is healthier has better
02:50
education so poverty can ultimately be
02:53
reduced in societies so education
02:57
nutrition health opportu creating
03:01
opportunities by training people in
03:04
various kinds of skills so these are
03:07
important issues and we are concerned
03:10
with that
03:16
... we were looking at what do
03:19
the poor people want from us to the need
03:22
better seeds to grow a better food or
03:27
hope or how could they could we improve
03:31
their productivity and we found that
03:34
many women who produce vegetables didn't
03:38
have an access to a good seed pocket
03:41
seed multiplication was not there and
03:43
they couldn't find good seeds in the
03:45
market so we went to the seed production
03:48
first of all vegetable seeds and then
03:50
 we went into hybrid 
03:54
rice seeds joint venture with
03:56
China with Australia to produce high
03:59
quality seeds upon whether she's poor
04:01
can have access to high-quality seeds
04:03
and that has also had an impact on
04:06
productivity or our agriculture over
04:08
time so these are important important
04:12
now next generation of enterprises which
04:18
could provide support to breath could be
04:23
in private education there are state
04:27
education in Bangladesh is very poor so
04:30
there are parents who are looking for
04:32
quality education for their children but
04:35
even lower middle class even even poorer
04:38
people now having to pay out for private
04:42
tuition private tutors to teach the
04:45
children in order to pass exams so if
04:48
they're ready to put in a five to ten
04:51
dollars a month could we provide instead
04:56
of free education could we provide a
04:59
quality primary education by charging
05:02
them ten dollars a month or fifteen
05:04
dollars a month could we provide that so
05:07
we are now looking at a possible
05:10
enterprise and quality education for
05:14
low-income people
05:22
we have our budget is about a billion
05:26
dollars now 700 billion dollars come
05:29
from revenue come from all our
05:31
businesses and what 300 dollars comes
05:34
from donors sell others
05:36
so what 70% is self-funded and 30% donor
05:42
funded
05:51
well it hasn't impacted a great deal yet
05:54
but one you know when you talk about a
05:57
blogger being killed in Bangladesh means
06:01
that there is a lot of sort of
06:05
intolerance intolerant religion is
06:11
becoming quite a force in our society so
06:15
I just hope that we can keep it under
06:18
under control and still go on providing
06:22
improvement in the lives of women
06:23
because we've been helping have not had
06:27
a sort of picture cage will be strong in
06:30
Bangladesh and in Houla South Asia and
06:33
we need to do some more other find ways
06:36
of gender equality in our society for
06:41
our own good not not because we want to
06:45
be fair to women but for our own
06:47
societies code we need equality of men
06:50
and women


xxxx06:56
ending extreme poverty: it is possible to do it but you must leap forward serially when the time is right
06:59
that we have shown in brac in 1999 we
07:06
did a study of what was what what groups
07:09
of people in Bangladesh are not having
07:12
access to financial services we found
07:15
that the poorest 10% of the Bangladeshis
07:18
don't have access to financial
07:20
microfinance and then we found another
07:23
thing that there are a group of people
07:26
who are not poor but who are not rich
07:28
enough to go to a bank to start a small
07:30
business the small and medium
07:33
enterprises were not getting money from
07:34
banks nor where they've poor enough to
07:38
get money from buck from microfinance
07:40
organizations so they were missed out
07:41
they were the missing middle and they
07:44
were there are another group which are
07:46
very poor the poorest 10% who did didn't
07:50
have access to finance so we started a
07:52
program for the ultra poor we called it
07:55
so it's not just bike financial services
07:58
like giving those to people but giving
08:01
grants so we have got a program which is
08:03
which which is focused on the poorest
08:06
10% of Bangladesh's
08:07
families they want five four million
08:10
families who are really poor and we are
08:13
we have now reached about 1.6 billion
08:16
families and there are four elements in
08:19
that program one is giving transfer an
08:23
asset not a loan but a grant we give
08:27
also a monthly stipend in order for them
08:29
to survive we give them healthcare for
08:32
the for the recipient family and we sent
08:36
their children to school and we hold
08:38
their hands and give them a coaching to
08:43
be able to manage resources so this
08:47
program goes on for two years and what
08:50
has been done is so after two years the
08:53
program they go out a program they go
08:56
into our bikes a finance program they
08:58
can borrow money then provide
08:59
program and then improve their
09:03
conditions then we found that over the
09:05
period of time in the last ten years we
09:09
have been doing this program the women
09:12
who who came as an ultra poor have
09:15
graduated from ultra poverty and the
09:18
government and continues to improve over
09:21
the whole period of time so this is one
09:23
program that we are now promoting
09:24
throughout the world which could be done
09:27
to get very poor people out of poverty
09:32
and it has been replicated in ten other
09:35
countries and all of them and they have
09:39
been also they have also done our cities
09:44
the randomized controlled trials to see
09:47
whether or not it works in other
09:48
cultures and six country studies by MIT
09:56
and Yale was published yes last year in
10:00
the science magazine and all showed
10:03
improvement in the lives of the very
10:06
poorest if you provide the same kind of
10:10
services that that prac initially
10:14
promoted somehow the very poorest to the
10:17
poor never had that big push and once
10:21
you get to give the big push and they
10:24
see that their own action is changing
10:27
their own condition the Can go on working
10:30
harder to try and get it cut themselves
 out of poverty


xxxxx

:37
 at brac we were ambitious we
00:40
wanted to change at Bangladesh scale -this can
00:43
also be done by small activities and
00:46
then having multiple actors sort of
00:51
replicating it throughout the country
00:53
that can also be done but then you have
00:56
to find other people following you and
00:58
replicating your work as well and they
01:01
in the world so I so that one kind of
01:05
scale that has happened in Bangladesh around 1980
01:08
for example in microfinance when we
01:13
started microfinance microfinance which was not
01:16
very well known and then 
01:19
came Grameen Bank in 1983 another organization
01:22
similar to us and they focused their
01:25
attention on just financial services while we already a decade into building health and education -so brac did all three
01:27
- for over a decade muhammad yunus did microfinance village circles in bangladesh
01:31
he also did a lot of
 global advocacy -the clinto family visited yunus around 1989 before bill clinton became us president
01:39
so yunus sought to  take microcredit  all over the world
01:41
---- as a result microcredit summit was launched in 1997 and
01:43
microfinance started  to test where lives mattered to leaders around the world 
01:46
almost every country started trying it as hope of a new millennium rose in 1990s
01:48
to be clear bangladesh services for the poor evolved in villages with no access to electricity, where all communications and trust building from person to person as one as one of the ways
01:51
of alleviating poverty so that was done
01:55
not by one single organization making it
01:59
really large program but multiple
02:02
organization in many countries expanding
02:05
microfinance and having an impact on
02:08
poverty
02:13
we need to break the cycle of poverty
02:16
somewhere breaking the cycle of poverty
02:20
means that you have to the next
02:22
generation of children if they get
02:25
better education better now issues and
02:27
then they'll come out of poverty so we
02:31
are looking at providing quality
02:33
education to children we are looking at
02:38
providing better nutrition or nutrition
02:42
education to mothers so that their
02:44
children get better nutrition so the
02:47
next generation is healthier has better
02:50
education so poverty can ultimately be
02:53
reduced in societies so education
02:57
nutrition health opportu creating
03:01
opportunities by training people in
03:04
various kinds of skills so these are
03:07
important issues and we are concerned
03:10
with that
03:16
ten years ago we were looking at what do
03:19
the poor people want from us to the need
03:22
better seeds to grow a better food or
03:27
hope or how could they could we improve
03:31
their productivity and we found that
03:34
many women who produce vegetables didn't
03:38
have an access to a good seed pocket
03:41
seed multiplication was not there and
03:43
they couldn't find good seeds in the
03:45
market so we went to the seed production
03:48
first of all vegetable seeds and then
03:50
way we went into hybrid Macy's hydrate
03:54
rice seeds we went to joint venture with
03:56
China with Australia to produce high
03:59
quality seeds upon whether she's poor
04:01
can have access to high-quality seeds
04:03
and that has also had an impact on
04:06
productivity or our agriculture over
04:08
time so these are important .....

04:12
now looking forward from 1999 after 3 decades what next generation of enterprises 
04:18
could brac provide support to? we  could help
04:23
in private education wherever state education is 
04:27
very poor 

04:30
there are parents who are looking for
04:32
quality education for their children but
04:35
even lower middle class even even poorer
04:38
people now having to pay out for private
04:42
tuition private tutors to teach the
04:45
children in order to pass exams so if
04:48
they're ready to put in a five to ten
04:51
dollars a month could we provide instead
04:56
of free education could we provide a
04:59
quality primary education by charging
05:02
them ten dollars a month or fifteen
05:04
dollars a month could we provide that so
05:07
we are now looking at a possible
05:10
enterprise and quality education for
05:14
low-income people....